TOP 10 of the African Animals

of reading - words

1) The Lion
2) The Elephant
3) The Leopard
4) The Giraffe
5) The Rhinoceros
6) The Nile Crocodile
7) The Cheetah
8) Hippopotamus
9) The Zebra
10) The Buffalo
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The simple word "Africa" generally refers to vast expanses of savannah dotted with many animals of all kinds. Most visitors to Africa go on safari and marvel at this famous fauna. Most of the species found in Africa are unique to this continent, and most are very easily recognizable.

In this article, our team will introduce you to the top 10 most emblematic animals in Africa according to our criteria of course!

1) The Lion
lion in the savannah

Just being able to see a lion in its natural habitat is one of the most beautiful and humble things you can see. However, in most cases you are more likely to see a lion fall asleep than to go after a prey. This is because lions rest up to 20 hours a day and are much more active at dusk and dawn, they are said to be twilight animals. Lions are the most sociable cats, living in groups of five to ten lions. Unfortunately, the lion species is threatened by the evolution of humans in Africa.

Here are the best places to see the lions: Head to Kgalagadi Transboundary Park, on the border of South Africa and Botswana, or to Serengeti National Park in Tanzania during wild wildebeest migration.

2) The Elephant
drinking elephant

Seeing an elephant in the wild for the first time is an extra ordinary thing. It is the largest terrestrial animal living on this planet. Their simple size commands immense respect, but they also radiate an aura of wisdom. This large animal is found in a wide variety of sub-Saharan habitats, such as forests, deserts and savannah. Elephants are herbivores and eat up to 450 kg of vegetation every day. By nature elephants are peaceful, however care must be taken not to bother them as they can be dangerous, however humans remain a greater threat to them.

Here are the best places to see the Elephants: Large herds of elephants roam through Hwange National Park in Zimbabwe and Chobe National Park in Botswana.

3) The Leopard
leopard at rest

This is the African leopard, a subspecies found only in sub-Saharan Africa. Even with its abundant diversity, it remains one of the most difficult animals to see on a safari, which can be explained by its nocturnal and defensive nature towards humans. Leopards use trees as a general observation and protection headquarters. It is here that you can see them during the day. They are very solitary and have extra ordinary predator skills, such as the ability to swim, climb and drag game weighing up to three times their body weight through trees. However, they are classified on the IUCN Red List.

Here are the best places to see Leopards: Sabi Sands Reserve in South Africa and Luangwa National Park in Zambia are both famous for their leopard sightings.

4) The Giraffe
small and large giraffe

Giraffes being the largest animal in the world, one would think it would be easy to spot them. However, the brown and white markings are simply exceptional natural camouflage, it often happens that a giraffe only comes out of the bush once.

There are nine subspecies within sub-Saharan Africa, each of which has blue tongues, small horn-like protrusions on the head, and an exceptional long neck. The giraffe's neck has veins and specific valves that regulate blood flow to the head to prevent unconsciousness when drinking.

Here are the best places to see the Giraffes: Spot large herds of Masai giraffes in the Serengeti, or head to Murchison Falls National Park in Uganda to see the endangered Rothschild giraffe.

5) The Rhinoceros
rhinos in the wild

The simplest way to identify the two African rhino species is the shape of their lower lip, which is square for white rhinos and pointed for black rhinos. Both species are endangered by widespread poaching of rhinos. The black rhino is considered critically endangered with less than 5,000 individuals remaining in the wild. White rhinos are more numerous and therefore easier to spot, especially in southern Africa. The rhinoceros is one of the heaviest land mammals of all land mammals. He is short-sighted and usually lonely. An adult male white rhino weighs an average of 2,300 kg.

Here are the best places to see the Rhinos: Etosha National Park in Namibia is a successful example of rhino conservation, with a thriving population of black rhinos and a good chance to spot white rhinos as well.

6) The Nile Crocodile
fierce nile crocodile

After the salt water crocodile, the Nile crocodile is the largest living reptile in the world, the largest ever observed exceeding 6 metres. They are found throughout sub-Saharan Africa in a wide range of aquatic habitats, including lakes, rivers and deltas. Crocodiles are well camouflaged when in the water and are most often seen sunbathing on the shore. They have been around for millions of years, and with their armor-plated skin and exceptionally strong jaws, they look prehistoric. Nile crocodiles are perfect predators, using ambush tactics to catch their prey off guard.

Here are the best places to see the Nile Crocodiles: Observe herds of wildebeest and zebras crossing the Mara River during East Africa's annual migration to see the Nile Crocodiles in action.

7) The Cheetah
cheetah at rest

The thinnest of Africa's big cats, the cheetah is a species of exceptional beauty known for its incredible speed. They are capable of short sprints up to 112 km/h, which in reality is the fastest land animal in the world. However, despite their speed, cheetahs are often robbed of their prey by other, more powerful predators. It is a vulnerable species with only about 6,600 individuals left in the wild, including a small population of about 40 individuals in Iran. The cheetah occurs throughout southern and eastern Africa, in large open spaces that allow it to reach its maximum speed while pursuing its prey.

Here are the best places to see Cheetahs: Maasai Mara offers an ideal habitat for cheetahs. Alternatively, a rehabilitated cheetah walking trail at Okonjima Game Reserve in Namibia.

8) Hippopotamus
hippopotamus in the water

Hippos are frequently found in rivers, marshes and lakes in southern and eastern Africa. Usually grouped in groups of 100 individuals, hippos spend most of their lives in the water, leaving their aquatic habitat only to graze on the banks at nightfall. They have several fascinating adaptations, including webbed feet, large canine defenses and the ability to secrete some kind of natural sunscreen. Male hippos are territorial, and like buffaloes, they can be exceptionally aggressive when provoked. Also, be careful never to come between a hippopotamus mother and her baby.

Here are the best places to see Hippos: The Luangwa Valley in Zambia has the highest concentration of hippos in the world. The Okavango Delta in Botswana is also full of them.

9) The Zebra
two zebras in the wild

There are three species of zebra in Africa: the plains zebra, most commonly found in eastern and southern Africa, and the rarer mountain and Grevy zebra. Although they may look like domestic horses, zebras are almost impossible to tame, while their white and black striped patterns are as unique to each individual as a human's fingerprints. Zebras live on grass and, in some areas, form large migratory herds to find the best pastures. During migration, they often form a mutually beneficial relationship with another African species, the wild wildebeest.

Here are the best places to see the Zebras: To see the endangered Grevy's Zebra, go to Lewa Wildlife Conservancy in northern Kenya.

10) The Buffalo
two African buffaloes

The African buffalo has a robust construction and distinctive fused horns. They are herbivores, which generally move in herds, without natural predators, with the exception of lions and crocodiles. Unlike other wild buffalo species, the African buffalo has never been successfully tamed, thanks to its naturally aggressive and unpredictable nature. Although the sight of a herd of bison crossing the African savannah is undoubtedly an unforgettable sight, it is important to treat these animals with respect. They are responsible for multiple deaths each year and are considered one of the most dangerous species on the continent.

Here are the best places to see the Buffaloes of Africa: Katavi National Park in Tanzania is famous for its huge herds of buffaloes. Chobe National Park is another good choice.


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